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Orthoses: Different Types of Orthoses, Advantages and How to Choose the Best Orthoses.

There are many different medical disorders that call for the usage of orthoses. It is really vital to emphasize that several of such orthotic products have a significant influence on people's life, whether we're speaking about adults or kids. ​

In a nutshell, we'll go over all the pertinent information concerning orthoses, including what they really are and the several kinds of these devices that are frequently utilized.

What is orthotics?

The word "orthotics" describes the art and science of evaluating a patient, creating an orthosis, and then fine-tuning it to match the person. The terms orthosis and orthotic equipment can be applied interchangeably.

What are orthoses?

Orthoses are braces made to help with a variety of ailments and injuries. Their roles are distinct in two respects.

  • First, this will rely on which body part is wearing orthotics. For instance, a cervical thoracic orthosis (CTO) will retain the upper body stable to avoid any injuries from occurring, assuring secure healing, whereas an ankle-foot orthosis (AFO) relieves pressure and discomfort.
  • The second method orthoses operate vary depending on the ailment or damage. Spine orthotics are a nice illustration. They do assist with disorders like scoliosis, despite limiting a person's movement.

When to use orthotics products?

Numerous conditions are treated using orthoses, including:

  • Foot ache
  • Deformities of the legs or feet
  • Fracture control
  • Scoliosis (curvature of the spine)
  • Stabilization following surgery
  • Injury to the spinal cord
  • Contract management (decreased joint range of motion)
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • The disease is known as Charcot-Marie-Tooth
  • Polio
  • Arthritis
  • Diabetes
  • Neuromuscular dysfunction
  • Bruises to the brachial plexus
  • Nerve damage
  • Circumferential vascular disease
  • Plagiocephaly (cranial asymmetry or atypical head shape)
  • Burn Control
  • Cerebral Palsy
  • Dystrophic Muscle

Different types of orthoses

Let's examine the different categories of orthoses in more detail.

Upper Body Orthoses

upper body orthoses

The upper body orthoses are intended to assist both toddlers and adults with various body areas above their hips, as one might expect. These include the hands, wrists, elbows, hands, neck, shoulders, spine, and even fingers.

While some orthoses are more durable and help to protect and stabilize you, other orthoses have some degree of flexibility. In any event, they can be constructed specifically to fit the patient's physique.


Cranial orthoses are another name for head orthoses. Such orthotic devices are often used to address certain disorders in newborn babies effectively. Plagiocephaly, scaphocephaly, as well as brachycephaly are a few examples.

Cranial orthoses are advised in the event that a kid need further head protection, particularly following another accident, throughout the healing process. The individual will be kept protected, and this will guarantee that they recover perfectly.


The main purpose of neck orthotics is to restrict head motion in the event of such a neck injury or similar type of dysfunction. It also goes by the name cervical orthoses. We must point you that torticollis as well as situations of muscular weakness may also benefit from its use.


The shoulders on our anatomy are really delicate. A shoulder brace is crucial orthotic equipment because of this. They are made to restrict shoulder motion in order to hasten the healing of the ligaments, tendons, and nerves.

When recovering from surgery or an accident such a rupture, shoulder orthoses (SO) may frequently utilize.


A variety of spinal diseases are treated with spine orthoses. These braces are utilized in a variety of situations, including: 

  • Recovering from surgery
  • Kyphosis
  • Scoliosis
  • Herniated disc
  • Spondylosis

There are several different spine orthotics available, for instance, if you have scoliosis. The same holds true for other situations when a Jewett or Harris brace may be useful. In any case, using an orthotic device of this kind is one of the best ways to relieve pain and lessen pressure on your spine.


The orthosis brace seems to be a very efficient instrument for helping elbow injury recovery when it relates to elbows. Such orthoses continue to be among the finest ways to restrict your elbow movement, regardless of whether we're dealing with a physical trauma, ligament issues, as well as post-surgical recuperation.

Furthermore, elbow wrist hand finger orthoses (EWHFO) are available to help with arm mobility in more severe disorders such several scleroses, brain damage, spinal injury, hemorrhage, or cerebral palsy.


Wrist hand orthoses (WHO) are used to immobilize or restrict wrist motion. Even when the WHO covers the wrist, fingers may still be moved and utilized. The WHO is used for a broad variety of ailments. However, it is typically worn when recovering from a wrist injury.


Despite the fact that we are discussing hand orthotics, we are referring to thumb immobility. Thumb spicas are utilized following any significant thumb injury, particularly if surgery was necessary.


For a number of problems that may restrict finger function, finger orthotics are employed. They are used to enhance finger functionality and hasten the healing process.

Lower body orthoticslower body orthoses

These orthoses are intended to assist persons with joints from the hips down, as opposed to the upper body orthoses. The hip, knee, ankle, and foot orthotic braces are the most often utilized types.


Children and adults both utilize hip orthoses, but for very different reasons. These tools aid in ensuring normal hip joint development in kids. While it is frequently utilized as a post-operative hip replacement rehabilitation in older people. It helps to reduce discomfort.


There are numerous sorts of braces for knees that may be purchased. Depending on their intended use, their designs change.

  • Knee braces (KO).
  • Knee, ankle, and foot orthoses (KAFO).

Wearing a knee orthosis after surgery or an injury is most prevalent. Wearing a knee orthosis following surgery or maybe an injury is often prevalent. The tool aids in knee stabilization and pain management.

On the contrary side, KAFO is intended for more extreme disorders such chronic osteoarthritis of the knee, MS, trauma, damaged peripheral nerves, and injured spinal cords.


There are many different ailments and injuries for which ankle foot orthoses (AFO) are utilized. They aid the ankle and foot of the sufferer. Different styles are created expressly for a given situation. Cerebral palsy, nerve damage, MS, idiopathic toe walking, spinal cord injury, trauma, muscular dystrophy, and many more are a few of these.


One of the most often used foot orthoses is an insole. By diffusing foot pressure in diverse ways, they serve to reduce discomfort. They may also relieve back, hip, or even leg discomfort, depending on the condition they are utilized for.

Orthoses for the feet comprise foot abduction orthoses and supra malleolar orthoses. The latter is especially used to treat the clubfoot problem, whilst the former is used to treat flat feet, overpronation, and hypotonia.



Advantages of using orthoses

In addition to supporting and cushioning your feet, custom orthotics disperse the pressure that everyday activities place on them. If you have arthritis or spend a lot of your workweek standing, this is quite beneficial. In addition to preventing other diabetes-related foot problems and pressure sores, orthotics can aid.

How to choose the best orthoses?

Here are our top five suggestions for choosing the best orthotics for you and your feet if you're looking for assistance for your foot and ankle issues using orthotic shoes or inserts.

1. To get your orthotics fitted, put on your favorite shoes.

Although orthotics may be customized to suit your feet, they must function in concert with your shoes to provide you the optimum support for effectively treating your foot and ankle issues. Make sure your orthotics are suitable for the shoes you wear most often.

2. Recognize the kind and condition of your feet.

Understanding your feet and the issues you're attempting to support, or address can help you choose the best orthotic insert. Over-the-counter cushioned shoe inserts disguise the issue. Orthotics support your foot and fix functional issues.

Plantar fasciitis is a painful ailment in which the connective tissue from the heel to the sole of the foot gets inflamed.

Orthotics may address overpronation, which causes ankle instability. Supination occurs when the foot turns outward (underpronation). These issues might affect your knees, hips, and back. A firm or semi-rigid orthotic is needed to correct pronation.

Orthotics with plenty of padding and cushioning may relieve heel discomfort and spurs.

Your shoe inserts must encourage healthy circulation and provide shock absorption for those with diabetes and arthritis.

3. Take into account the activities you require orthotics for.

Your orthotics need to provide you the proper support for your lifestyle, whether you have an active profession and need all-day functional support, spend a lot of time sitting down, or are an athlete or runner who wishes to avoid wear-and-tear problems.

4. Get a prescription or guidance from a professional.

Don’t just order from any online store. If you have any kind of foot or any other problem which needs orthotic support, first consult a professional and then get the assessment.  According to the consultation get the proper orthotic support for you.

5. Get personalized orthotics that are made for your unique foot.

Not every problem is same and not every foot is same. If one type of orthotic has worked with another person’s foot, that might not be suited for you. Getting personalized orthotics that perfectly matches with your unique foot is the best option.

Final thoughts

Get your required orthotic products from our store. Visit our collection pages. We have all kinds of orthotic products based on your need. Australian Healthcare Supplies (AHS) has a wide variety of all kinds of orthotics.